Abstract factory design Pattern

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Please take this interface for creating families or dependant objects without specifying their concrete classes. Abstract factory design pattern


This is a continuation of the software design pattern series. You can checkout the previous posts from my-blog


Abstract factory design pattern

In Abstract factory design pattern, the family of different Products can be grouped together and be instantiated without the client specifying the concrete class.

How it is different from Simple Factory pattern?

In this pattern, just like the Products implement from the Product interface, all the types of Products will be grouped together in different concrete Factories which will be implementing a factory interface. The client will be using the Factory interface without caring what implementation it is.


Cool. So how to implement Abstract Factory design pattern?

In Abstract Factory design pattern, four main component gets involved excluding the Client.

  • Product Interfaces
  • Concrete Product implementations
  • Factory Interface
  • Concrete Factory implementations

-> ProductInterface

The interface which all the products that can be instantiated should be implementing. Example: Meat

-> Concrete Product implementation

The different Concrete classes implementing the different Product interfaces. Example: WesternStyleMeat, IndianStyleMeat

-> Factory Interface

The interface which should be implemented by all the factories which is trying to create/group a family of Products.

-> Concrete Factory implementations

The Concrete classes for each different family groups which should be implementing the factory interface.


Let’s take example related to Pizzzza itself. Why? Cuz I personally love them.

Ok, to keep it simple lets take the ingredients of Pizza. Some of the most important ones are

  • Cheese
  • Meat

Consider there are Western type of ingredients and as well as Indian. So it’s kinda two different family of ingredients.

Consider the Western type includes ingredients like

  • WesternStyleCheese
  • WesternStyleMeat

and the Indian type includes

  • IndianStyleCheese
  • IndianStyleMeat


So we could group them to two different factories. Check the sample code.

Design Structure

image tooltip here

photo courtesy: link


Sample Code

We can now group all the different family of products together and keep on extending to more families too. Thanks to abstract factory design pattern for that ;)


Ps: Special Thanks to Head First Design Patterns


Thank you. Hope this helps. Looking forward to more learning and sharing. Cheers :)
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